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Commercial ware harsh silk fabrics

Clothing allergy or textile contact dermatitis is common for many. However, the cause of such skin condition is not actually brought about by the clothes we wear but rather due to the materials and substances embedded within the textile. There are also other possible reasons why individuals suffer allergies from clothes. You suffer different symptoms of clothing allergy because of the following:.

VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Yuki-tsumugi, silk fabric production technique

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Making an obi

This post is about buying Thai silk while visiting Thailand. My goal is to educate you as a consumer. Knowledge breeds confidence and you need to shop with confidence. Also, knowing some basics about your silk purchase will make you enjoy and appreciate this fabric even more. Most importantly, always keep in mind that with Thai silk, the journey is always as valuable as the destination.

This article is about woven Thai silk fabrics. The finest silk fabric in the world is handwoven in rural Thailand. Much of it is woven in the Northeast part of the country, commonly known as Esaan. Northern Thailand, in and around Chiang Mai and Lamphun, also produce excellent quality silk fabrics. Thai silk is woven on old wooden looms that have been passed down through generations, from mother to daughter along with their weaving expertise.

Some looms can be quite small, while others may stand thirty feet tall and take three women to operate. The world of Thai silk mostly belongs to women. Women, for the most part, operate the looms, make the silk yarns, dye the yarns and design the patterns.

Men usually produce raw silk and engage in sericulture. Silk, in what is now Thailand, goes back 3, years to an excavated village called Baan Chiang near the northern city of Udon Thani. This is the oldest known village in Indochina and archeologists found silk threads there along with pottery with painted silk worm motifs.

Remember China first developed silk almost 5, years ago. No one knows how silk thread came to Baan Chiang. Did silk traders from China bring it? Or did Baan Chiang inhabitants engage in sericulture and made the silk thread themselves? No one is certain. Thai silk history goes completely dark until the 13th Century when the 1st Siamese capitol of Sukothai became a prominent political and economic player in Old Siam. Thai silks were considered of inferior quality to these imported textiles.

Finally Siamese weavers had mastered the skill and art of silk weaving and began producing silks with quality enough to rival China, India and the Middle East. For a full Historical perspective of Thai silk and fabrics, please read my blog entry: Thai Traditional Fabrics: 3, years in 15 Minutes. Below is a simple, yet comprehensive overview as to how both traditional Thai silk and Thai silk yarn thread are produced.

Raw Thai silk is still made the old fashioned way in Thailand. Silk worm larvae take their holy communion of specially cultivated mulberry leaves. The silk worm then spins its cocoon by secreting a single strand of silk filament, sometimes as long as 1, feet.

Heating the cocoon in hot water softens the gummy substance which binds together the cocoon. Making silk yarn that is fit for weaving is quite complicated, involving many steps. No doubt a visitor from another planet would find us humans a strange bunch indeed hearing that we covet a fabric made from the secretions of a worm.

Yes, there are more types of weave, and of course every village produces their own unique silk, but almost all Thai silks will fall into these four catagories. Brocaded Thai silk is a weave that gives the fabric an embossed or raised quality.

The fabric is not at all smooth, but is raised in a manner that creates a pattern in and of itself. Weaving brocaded silk requires the most expertise and patience of all the various silk weaves.

Brocaded silks are often used in making the finest Thai silk couture and can command very high prices. In that post, I go into great detail about how brocading is done by hand on a loom. Thai Dupioni silk is one of the most common types of silk fabric in The Kingdom.

It can be either solid color or patterned and its prices are quite reasonable. These fabric inconsistencies are called slubs and are crucial to recognizing authentic Thai silk from its counterfeits. I will explain slubbing and its relevance a little later.

Classic dupioni silk is woven from silk yarns made from the dupion silk cocoon. A dupion silk cocoon is where two silkworms often jointed together inhabit a single cocoon. For complex reasons, dupion cocoons produce a very rough silk filament and so yarns made with dupion are rough and uneven. Solid color Dupioni silk is generally sold by the meter, not the bolt. Mudmee silk also known as ikat weaving is the oldest form of pattern weaving in The Kingdom.

As the fabric is woven, the tie-dyed different colors weft yarn will create the pattern. Mudmee silk is usually woven in Isaan, although weavers in the north occasionally produce it. Many silk enthusiasts covet mudmee more than any other Thai silk. Prices for quality mudmee silk can vary tremedously, depending on quality. Plain weave Thai silk is a smooth not soft! Plain weaves are often machine woven, although you can find plenty of bolts of handwoven plain weaves in the silk weaving villages of Esaan Northeast Thailand.

Shimmering, an attribute for which Thai silk is famous, is usually easily seen in plain weaves. This effect is done by using different colored silk yarns for the vertical the warp and horizontal the weft. Plains weaves are the most economical of all Thai silk fabric because of the simplicity of its weave. An experienced weaver can produce on a hand loom approximately meters a day. Some complicated brocades are handwoven at a rate of about centimeters a day!

Keep in mind that plain weave costs are determined by the quality of the silk yarns used. Plain weaves make great apparel which is why many dressmakers keep a good selection on hand for their customers. The golden rule for buying silk is to know your seller!

Buy only from established fabric shops that specialize in Thai silk. Never ever take a gamble with Thai silk. Where NOT to buy Thai silk is the most important information I can give you, so I want to address this issue up front. There are vendors at these tourist markets who may try to sell you Thai silk, but rest assured, their silk is either counterfeit or at best a very low grade silk.

The woman who wove the fabric certainly knows the market value of her product. The village silk weaving cooperative certainly knows the value of their silk. Simple enough. Again, there are no bargains in the Thai silk trade. You get what you pay for! Stay away from tourist markets.

Generally, Thai silk is not bargained for. If you find yourself with a silk seller that suddenly drops the price of a bolt after trying to get you to buy it at a higher price- run for the door. This seller is admitting to you that he was trying to rip you off. The best place to purchase authentic Thai silk is at fabric shops that specialize in the fabric.

I would never buy silk fabric from a store that also sells tourist trinkets or non-fabric items. Stay with dedicated silk fabric vendors. But how do I know if a silk shop is legitimate? How do I follow the Golden Rule of knowing the source? Here are some questions you can answer when going to a silk store whether in Bangkok or in rural Thailand: Is the business a dedicated fabric or silk shop?

Does it have a large inventory of Thai silk at a minimum dozens and dozens of bolts? Are you in Bangkok or a silk weaving region? Is the silk inventory clean and well presented? Are the prices too good to be true? If so leave. Is the owner present? If so, ask the owner these types of questions: How long have you been in business?

Where do you get your silk? Is the silk handwoven? Are the dyes colorfast? Just by the above questions, you will have a good measure of the the silk shop.

You are following the Golden Rule of knowing your source. You will find dedicated silk shops throughout Thailand in the silk weaving provinces. Kon Gan, Chonobot, Surin and its surrounding villages, Lamphun, and Ubon Rachasima, and Kalasin are all cities and towns that are well populated with shops that will sell authentic, quality Thai silk at market rates. The majority of silk I buy is from small village cooperatives where the silk is actually woven.

In these rural villages, the weavers have pooled their fabrics for sale in a village silk shop and usually sell by consignment. These rural, village silk shops differ from their bigger city counterparts in that the silk fabrics for sale will all be produced in their village. These shops often carry an inventory of very good quality Thai silk especially plain weaves. Skilled Thai dressmakers or tailors will make for you a variety of Thai silk apparel including professional business suits, evening jackets, skirts, and depending on the proper drape, an array of dresses and blouses.

Varanasi Silk Weavers

For print job completion prior to Christmas please have orders submitted by Monday 2nd of December. We will still receive orders through December but cannot guarantee completion prior to Christmas as it is a very busy time of year. Next State will be closed for the festive season from 20th December , re-opening on January 6th During our closure time orders can still be placed via our fabric creator, printing will recommence on the 6th of January. We have carefully selected a range of stock fabrics suitable for use in both apparel and home wares.

Our company was established years ago, and became a limited company in We provide quality wholesale fabrics to the fashion trade, wholesale and retail shops, markets traders, bridal wear manufacturers, event organisers, the theatre and film industries and clothing and craft manufacturers. We pride ourselves on offering customers the largest and most unique selection of regular and end of line fabrics at extremely competitive prices.

Thailand's silkworm farmers cultivate both types of the domesticated silkworms that produce commercial silk: Samia ricini , commonly known as the eri silkworm, which produces matte eri silk , and the Bombyx mori , producer of the better known, glossy mulberry silk. In Thailand, the Center for Excellence in Silk at Kasetsart University 's Kamphaeng Saen campus plays a leading research role in sericulture research as well as providing silkworm eggs and know-how to Thai farmers. After silk originated in ancient China and India where the practice of weaving silk began around 2, BCE, Chinese merchants spread the use of silk throughout Asia through trade. However, silk produced on the Khorat plateau was generally only used for private consumption, with the Thai court preferring to purchase Chinese silk imports.

Author: K. E. Eduljee

So what do camels, goats and buffalos do, you may ask and you forgot soy. Related post: What is Silk and How is it made. You have to take into account other silk fabrics made from Spiders and Mussles. Wild silk. This is silk made from wild silkworms that live on oak leaves instead of mulberry leaves. This is coarser in nature and heavier. Tusser silk worms vary — Indian tusser silkworm Antheraea mylitte Dury, Chinese Tusser silkworm Antherae pernyi Guerin, Japanese tasar silkworm Antheraea yamamai Querin are the different varieties and the silk they produce also vary. Mulberry silk.

Thai Silk in Thailand: A Buyer’s Guide

Account Options Sign in. United States. Department of Commerce and Labor. Bureau of Statistics , United States. Bureau of Foreign Commerce

Account Options Sign in.

Image credit: travfotos at Flickr. What is Termeh. Termeh and Aryan Trade.

Clothing Allergy: 5 Reasons, 7 Symptoms, and 6 Ways to Control

This post is about buying Thai silk while visiting Thailand. My goal is to educate you as a consumer. Knowledge breeds confidence and you need to shop with confidence. Also, knowing some basics about your silk purchase will make you enjoy and appreciate this fabric even more.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Want to know more about commercial Silks? Part 2(Non mulberry Tassar)

Perhaps, that was the time when Varanasi shifted its focus from Cotton to Silk as Gujarati Craftsmen were well-known for their silk weaving. The gossamer fabric, woven by hand on long wooden looms, is recognizable to aficionados by its refined feel, substantial weight and audible rustle. Out of habit or because of its superior quality, some weavers started smuggling Chinese yarn into the holy town. Varanasi is also famous for its rich heritage of music, art, culture and its traditional art of silk weaving, the Banarsi silk Saris are famous all over the world. Walk through the weavers district of Varanasi and learn about the life of the weavers and the process of hand weaving of the famous silk brocades and Banarasi sari. For the woven treasures of Varanasi it would mean access to cotton and silk yarn at reasonable and controlled prices, an efficient route to a wide variety of markets, including international ones, better facilities and workplaces for weavers, and a concerted campaign to highlight the hidden textile treasures origin a ting from this holy city.

Fabric for Print

As an obi, i. The issue is knowing the exact how - and finding a suitable fabric with a suitable pattern The "standard" female obi used for the drum style tie see Wearing a Kimono is 3 metres long and 30cm wide. It consists of a decorated top fabric and undecorated lining with a stiff interlining. The first cm are completely undecorated. About 2m are folded in half lengthwise, the edges sewn together with a hidden seam, and the rest left open. The Fabric is nowadays a firm synthetic with a slight lustre that mimicks heavy silk, used for both top fabric and lining. If you use a different fabric for the lininig, remember that it will be visible when the obi is worn, so the colour should be the same.

TARIFF CHANGES ON SPECIFIC ARTICLES AUSTRIA Commercial Attaché wares of oilcloth, waxed muslin and waxed tafsetas, wholly or partly of silk, manufacture of wooden wares, (30); (item —A—b and c) rough pipe The most significant changes of this kind are duty increases on jute fabrics, artificial silk.

Account Options Sign in. United States. Bureau of Manufactures , Nahum Isaac Stone.

Thai Silk in Thailand: A Buyer’s Guide

Silk, one of the oldest fibers known to man, originated in China. The history of silk is both enchanting and illustrious. The following sections cover the various facets of silk history. According to well-established Chinese legend, Empress Hsi Ling Shi, wife of Emperor Huang Ti also called the Yellow Emperor , was the first person to accidentally discover silk as weavable fiber.

Джабба облегченно вздохнул. Через шестьдесят секунд у него над головой затрещал интерком. - Прошу начальника систем безопасности связаться с главным коммутатором, где его ждет важное сообщение.

Беккер показал на бутылки, которые смахнул на пол. - Они же пустые.

Он снова ответил Да. Мгновение спустя компьютер подал звуковой сигнал. СЛЕДОПЫТ ОТОЗВАН Хейл улыбнулся. Компьютер только что отдал ее Следопыту команду самоуничтожиться раньше времени, так что ей не удастся найти то, что она ищет.

Sientate! - снова крикнул водитель. Беккер увидел в зеркале заднего вида разъяренное лицо, но словно оцепенел. Раздраженный водитель резко нажал на педаль тормоза, и Беккер почувствовал, как перемещается куда-то вес его тела. Он попробовал плюхнуться на заднее сиденье, но промахнулся. Тело его сначала оказалось в воздухе, а потом - на жестком полу.

Все это вранье, и ты это отлично знаешь. Скажи мне, что происходит. Сьюзан прищурилась.

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  1. Mikus

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