Plant industry other sugar industry products and its waste
In the global sugar industry, total sugar production in is million metric tons. Throughout the worldwide sugar industry, sugar production is increasing with the development of countries. The development of sugar industry certainly boosts the production of sugarcane. In , the worldwide sugarcane production has reached about 1, million metric tons. Brazil was the largest sugarcane producer, which produced million metric tons. India was the second largest producer with million metric tons, and the third largest producer, China produced with million metric tons.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Sugar Cane Co-Products
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- This Indian Biotech Company is Using Agri Waste to Produce Ethanol
- Management of Sugar Industrial Wastes through Vermitechnology
- Tracking Industry
- Sugar cane pulp packaging
- Sugar cane pulp packaging
- Use of sugarcane industrial by-products for improving sugarcane productivity and soil health
- Pfas Bagasse
- How a waste product from the sugar industry could soon power the trucks that carry it
- Biogas Production from Sugarcane Waste: Assessment on Kinetic Challenges for Process Designing
This Indian Biotech Company is Using Agri Waste to Produce Ethanol
Direct industrial CO2 emissions rose 0. To align with the SDS, emissions must peak prior to and decline to 8. Increasing energy efficiency, the uptake of renewable fuels, and research and deployment of low-carbon process routes — such as CCUS and hydrogen-based production — are all critical.
Governments can accelerate progress by providing innovation funding and adopting mandatory CO2 emissions reduction and energy efficiency policies. Some modest improvements have been made in industrial productivity and in renewable heat uptake, and some positive policy and innovation steps have also been taken. Nonetheless, progress is far too slow. Accelerated efforts on all fronts will be needed to get industry on track with the Sustainable Development Scenario SDS.
Growth in energy consumption has been driven largely by an ongoing long-term trend of rising production in energy-intensive industry subsectors i. Meanwhile, industrial energy use declined slightly in Europe and the Americas. The industry sector energy mix has remained relatively unchanged overall since While solar thermal and geothermal final energy use expanded the most quickly, more than doubling from to , they accounted for less than 0.
In the SDS, growth in energy use needs to be limited to 0. While solar thermal and geothermal energy continue to expand, they cannot provide high enough temperatures for medium- and high-temperature heat processes, and therefore are unable to replace a large portion of process heat.
Industrial energy productivity industrial value added per unit of energy used has risen in most regions since Key contributors to the increase are the deployment of state-of-the-art technologies, operational adjustments leading to more efficient equipment use, and a structural shift away from energy-intensive industry e. Historically, the greatest improvements in energy productivity have been in developed countries, which tend to focus on higher-value industrial products, while countries in which industrialisation is more recent have shown relatively little progress.
Middle Eastern industrial productivity has declined as a result of strong development in energy-intensive manufacturing subsectors between and , particularly in the cement subsector, which offset the deployment of best available technologies in several expanding industries.
In China, industrial productivity changed very little or even fell between and , but has since risen. Improvements resulted from China starting to diversify industrial activities away from energy-intensive steel and cement production and towards high-value industries such as machinery and chemicals. Implementation of mandatory energy efficiency policies the Top and Top 10 programmes also helped.
Energy productivity is closely connected with energy efficiency. In , investment in industrial energy efficiency was less than USD 40 billion. This largely reflects the continuing slowdown in construction of new energy-intensive industrial facilities in China, which is the result of ongoing structural change in the Chinese economy as well as in Europe and North America.
Modernisation of industrial facilities, coupled with the strong government mandates of the Perform, Achieve, Trade PAT Scheme, stimulated higher levels of investment. Despite these positive developments, this indicator is off track.
Global industrial productivity needs to increase 2. Most consumption occurs in industries that produce biomass wastes and residues on site, such as in the pulp and paper subsector and in food and tobacco. To increase its use in other subsectors, biomass fuel supply chains that are competitive with fossil fuels need to be established.
This can be challenging, however, because policy support for renewables in industry and carbon pricing mechanisms are not widespread. This share is expanding as renewables figure increasingly in national electricity generation portfolios and as more industrial processes become electrified. While renewable electricity for heat expands under the SDS, technical challenges and the high costs of using electricity directly for high-temperature heat are likely to limit its penetration.
These processes include drying, bleaching, cooking and pasteurisation in industries such as textiles and food. In energy terms, however, the contribution of solar thermal remains very small and several barriers constrain its uptake: a lack of policy incentives, low awareness of its potential, and challenges integrating it with industrial energy demand.
Material demand has historically been closely linked with both population and economic development: as economies develop, urbanise, consume more goods and build up their infrastructure, material demand per capita tends to increase considerably. In the past couple of decades, global demand growth for key energy-intensive materials has exceeded population growth and - for many materials — GDP growth.
Growth since has been particularly high, largely driven by rapid economic development in China. Estimates suggest, however, that global demand levelled off in the past two to three years at least temporarily for a number of materials, particularly cement and to some degree steel and aluminium, while GDP and population continue to grow.
This levelling-off is largely the result of saturation of material demand in China. While it may be a first step towards decoupling global material demand from economic and population growth, strong growth in other emerging economies may drive up material demand again in the coming years. Opportunities for material efficiency exist at each stage of any supply value chain.
These include:. Additionally, rather than by reducing final material demand, increased end-of-life recycling can reduce emissions by enabling greater uptake of lower-emitting secondary production methods. This IEA analysis examines the potential for material efficiency and the resulting energy and emissions impact for key energy-intensive materials: steel, cement and aluminium. While a number of countries have minimum energy performance standards for electric motors, few have mandatory overall performance targets for industrial firms and sectors.
China and India are some of the strongest performers on policy coverage, having put in place mandatory targets for energy savings in industry sectors several years ago that still apply today. To get on track with the SDS, it will be important to extend mandatory policy coverage to a larger portion of industrial energy use, and in more regions. Just as important is to ensure that the strength of requirements of both new and existing policies is ambitious enough.
To achieve high enough emissions reductions, policies need to cover not only energy efficiency and process optimisation, but also other factors that influence industrial emissions such as process emissions and technological shifts.
China, for example, launched its ETS platform in December The first steps are being taken to set up the required administrative infrastructure and mock allowance trading, with real spot trading expected to begin in The initial phase will cover only the power sector rather than the several industry subsectors originally planned, apparently due to difficulties in collecting robust industrial statistics.
Improving data collection and including industry sectors in the scheme would help to achieve emissions reduction objectives. The increase in certifications in was considerably lower than over the previous five years, however. Improved data on these various standards, including data on resulting energy and emissions reductions, would be useful to better analyse their impact.
Finding value-enhancing uses for industrial by-products is another area of innovation, in which synergies are sought among different industrial activities, including through CCUS. Developing plant-level action plans and sharing of best practices may improve uptake of best available technologies.
Furthermore, ensuring efficient equipment operation and maintenance will help guarantee optimal energy performance. Shifting increasingly to secondary production methods — i. Government-mandated recycling requirements, waste disposal fees, recycled content requirements and extended producer responsibility can also help increase recycling. Policies that favour durability and refurbishing of buildings over demolition will be pivotal to reduce demand for bulk materials.
Examples include using steel blast-furnace slag in cement production, carbon from steel waste gases to produce chemicals and fuels, and waste from other industries as alternative fuels for cement production. Industrial symbiosis can also involve sharing energy utilities, infrastructure and services. Policy support can facilitate these endeavours. Municipal solid waste consumption especially can be encouraged by increasing refuse-derived fuel availability through best-practice waste management — i.
In countries with high amounts of direct irradiation, energy service company ESCO business models could boost solar thermal use in industry. For example, emissions resulting from chemical reactions during industrial processes process emissions cannot be mitigated by greater energy efficiency and fuel switching alone. The high-temperature heat required in many industrial processes makes it difficult to switch completely from fossil fuel-based energy to low-carbon electricity and fuels.
Innovation over the next decade will therefore be critical to develop and reduce the costs of industrial processes and technologies that could enable substantial emissions cuts post, including, for example, hydrogen-based production methods and CCUS.
Private-public partnerships can help, as can green public procurement, which generates early demand and can enable producers to gain experience and bring down costs. Adopting these policies at lower stringencies within the next three to five years would provide an early market signal, enabling industry to prepare and adapt as stringency increases over time.
It can also help reduce the costs of low-carbon production methods, softening the impact on materials prices in the long term.
Complementary measures may be useful in the short to medium term, such as differentiated market requirements, that is, a government-mandated minimum proportion of low carbon materials in targeted products.
Ideally, mandatory policies would be applied globally at similar strengths. Examples include time-limited measures to ease transition, such as declining free allocation of permits, or novel measures to apply emissions regulations on the lifecycle emissions of end-products rather than directly on materials production. The latter could potentially be used to apply border carbon adjustments, provided that they are implemented in line with international trade rules.
For instance, regulating vehicle manufacturing plants to reduce vehicle lifecycle emissions could raise the competitiveness of lower-emissions steel and aluminium. Government efforts are also needed to clarify avenues for greater data sharing in a way that will not put industry at risk of breaching compliance with competition laws. While energy efficiency has improved, growing production outweighs much of this gain. Considerably greater decarbonisation efforts are required in all subsectors to get industry onto the SDS pathway.
More about chemicals circle-arrow. More about iron and steel circle-arrow. More about cement circle-arrow. More about pulp and paper circle-arrow. More about aluminium circle-arrow.
More about CCUS in industry and transformation circle-arrow. Thank you for subscribing. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link at the bottom of any IEA newsletter. IEA Skip navigation. Close Search Submit. Tracking report — May Authors and contributors.
Authors and contributors Close dialog. Open Navigation Contents Cite Share. Cite report Close dialog. Share this report Close dialog. Opportunities for material efficiency Opportunities for material efficiency exist at each stage of any supply value chain.
These include: vehicle lightweighting and improved building design product design and fabrication extending building lifetimes through repair and refurbishment and reducing vehicle demand through mode-shifting use-phase , increased metal manufacturing yields material production stage reuse end-of-life.
Material Efficiency in Clean Energy Transitions circle-arrow. Other energy management system standards may have higher uptake in specific regions. A number of key innovation efforts are under way around the world, including the following: In February , the European Commission announced EUR 10 billion in funding for the demonstration of low-carbon technologies.
Management of Sugar Industrial Wastes through Vermitechnology
Progress in Waste Management Research. James I. Daven , Robert Nicholas Klein. Waste management is the collection, transport, processing, recycling or disposal of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, aesthetics or amenity.
Direct industrial CO2 emissions rose 0. To align with the SDS, emissions must peak prior to and decline to 8. Increasing energy efficiency, the uptake of renewable fuels, and research and deployment of low-carbon process routes — such as CCUS and hydrogen-based production — are all critical. Governments can accelerate progress by providing innovation funding and adopting mandatory CO2 emissions reduction and energy efficiency policies. Some modest improvements have been made in industrial productivity and in renewable heat uptake, and some positive policy and innovation steps have also been taken.
Sugarcane industries are age-old industrial practices in India which contribute a significant amount of by-products as waste. Handling and management of these by-products are huge task, because those require lot of space for storage. However, it provides opportunity to utilize these by-products in agricultural crop production as organic nutrient source. Therefore, it is attempted to review the potential of sugar industries by-products, their availability, and use in agricultural production. A large number of research experiments and literatures have been surveyed and critically analyzed for the effect of sugarcane by-products on crop productivity and soil properties. Application of sugar industries by-products, such as press mud and bagasse, to soil improves the soil chemical, physical, and biological properties and enhanced the crop quality and yield. A huge possibility of sugarcane industries by-products can be used in agriculture to cut down the chemical fertilizer requirement. If all the press mud is recycled through agriculture about 32,, 28,, 14,, , , , and tonnes t of N, P, K, Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu, respectively, can be available and that helps in saving of costly chemical fertilizers. Application of sugarcane industries by-products reduces the recommended dose of fertilizers and improves organic matter of soil during the crop production. It can also be used in combination with inorganic chemical fertilizers and can be packed and marketed along with commercial fertilizer for a particular cropping system.
Sugar cane pulp packaging
The relationship and the importance of the selected subset of technology to be broad one to which it belongs;. The economic aspects of technologies along with their feasibilities which leads to the preferred option s ;. Impact of the preferred option by itself, its linkages to the broad area of technology and spin offs, and. Maximum possible quantification is required.
Strategies of Industrial and Hazardous Waste Management. Nelson L. Nemerow , Franklin J.
Sugar cane pulp packaging
Made from the fibers from sugar cane after the juice has been extracted from the plant, Biomass is an alternative material to paper and plastic. Show this September in London. Made from reclaimed and rapidly renewable sugarcane pulp. Sugarcane BagasseSugarcane is a tree-free renewable resource.
Biogas production from sugarcane waste has large potential for energy generation, however, to enable the optimization of the anaerobic digestion AD process each substrate characteristic should be carefully evaluated. In this study, the kinetic challenges for biogas production from different types of sugarcane waste were assessed. Samples of vinasse, filter cake, bagasse, and straw were analyzed in terms of total and volatile solids, chemical oxygen demand, macronutrients, trace elements, and nutritional value. Biochemical methane potential assays were performed to evaluate the energy potential of the substrates according to different types of sugarcane plants. Biomass immobilization systems are recommended in case vinasse is used as substrate, due to its low solid content, while filter cake could complement the biogas production from vinasse during the sugarcane offseason, providing a higher utilization of the biogas system during the entire year.
Use of sugarcane industrial by-products for improving sugarcane productivity and soil health
India has been a relatively late adopter of ethanol for blending with transportation fuel. While Brazil was the first nation to introduce its national ethanol programme for blending ethanol with petrol in , the US followed suit and mandated reformulated gasoline program under the Clean Air Act in Nearly 30 per cent of gasoline sold in the US currently is reformulated. It was only in that India joined the race by launching Ethanol Blended Petrol programme. The programme seeks to promote the use of alternative and environment-friendly fuel and reduce the crude oil import bill.
Agave bagasse is a similar material that consists of the tissue of the blue agave after extraction of the sap. For every 10 tonnes of sugarcane crushed, a sugar factory produces nearly three tonnes of wet bagasse. Since bagasse is a by-product of the cane sugar industry, the quantity of production in each country is in line with the quantity of sugarcane produced.
Paturau 1. This gloomy prospect explains, to a large degree, the renewed interest in the byproducts of the sugarcane industry which has developed in the last ten years and which has shown that the optimal use of byproducts can provide a non-negligible support to the sugarcane industry, although it could not, by itself, completely redress the difficult situation sugar is presently experiencing. The four main byproducts of the sugarcane industry are cane tops, bagasse, filter muds and molasses Figure 1.
How a waste product from the sugar industry could soon power the trucks that carry it
Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers! Full Text PDF. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. Rao, Comparative performance of cane sugar industry in seven countries.
The use of sugarcane bagasse pith as solid substrate for fungi and microbial growth is well known, as well as a source of microorganisms that can be isolated from it. Pith has also been used as a bulking agent for soil bioremediation. More recently, bagasse pith has been used for bioethanol production involving pretreatment and hydrolysis followed by fermentation and dehydration. However, little is reported about biomass valorization for the development of environmentally sound and innovative strategies to process sugarcane bagasse from sugar mills.
Biogas Production from Sugarcane Waste: Assessment on Kinetic Challenges for Process Designing
To gain fundamental. The juice is extracted in factories where larger rollers crush sugar cane stems. Cane Juice Clarification After the gringing, sugar juice enters the clarification process to separate all the organic matter coming from the fields such as root and leaf waste, etc. According to Kenneth Howe, M. One of the biggest differences between beet and cane sugar is their processing and production method. During the process of sulphitation the solution is maintained neutral.
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